Any time there is a need to develop runway markings, there is a need to make sure that FAA aspects, human factors, and aviation industry considerations are made. It is essential to have some core aspects to consider before implementing of runway marking project. Here are some of the aspects you would need to consider in the implementation of a runway markings project.
In the implementation project, it is essential to ensure conspicuity. It would be essential to make sure that the runway markings are as salient as possible. The markings in question should also be visible under a wide range of visibility and environmental conditions.
The runway markings should also convey directionality. It may be essential to make sure that the runway markings in question support the perception of a given direction. The runway markings should for example show passing through from one taxiway to the other or turning onto a runway from the taxiway. In the same manner, it is also essential to show a runway turning off a runway onto a taxiway. It would also be recommended that you make sure that the runway markings in question do not encourage a specific action.
It is also recommended that you provide preview information. it may be essential to have the runway markings in question create a perception to the pilot that he or she is approaching a runway. However, it is always essential to make sure that the runway markings in question increase awareness as opposed to encouraging action. Runway markings should increase awareness of the pilot when it comes to holding a position environment. The runway marking should be done in such a way that they only create awareness as opposed to making the pilot in question get coerced into taking a specific action. You may, for example, need to note that taxiway centerlines can be used to taxi onto a runway and taxi off and hence incorporating a specific direction into the centerline would only cause confusion.
The runway markings should also be usable, intuitive and explicit. The runway markings contractor should make an effort of making sure that the markings are easy to use, run and remember. The runway markings in question should also be unique at the global level. It is essential to make sure that the runway markings are not unique but also defined in various aspects such as shape and color. In the same manner, it may be critical to make sure that there is consistency in the marking with similar colors and patterns.
All the essential elements of the current runway markings should be retained any time there are changes. Most pilots and vehicle operators are conversant with the current markings and have also been trained on what each means. It would be essential to avoid detracting them from current standards and hence call for more training by changing runway markings. It is critical to retain some of the essential aspects of runway markings such as the use of white color on runways and the use of yellow color on taxiways.