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Facts You Need to Know About ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. Heredity or genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD, although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown. The other potential factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy, low birth weight, or premature birth (before 37th week of pregnancy). Although ADHD is more common in people with learning difficulties, it can occur to any patient with any level of intellectual ability. The signs of ADHD may be less obvious and some patients may have problems with one category only such as problem with inattentiveness but not with impulsiveness or hyperactivity. There is no cure for ADHD, but it can be effectively managed with appropriate advice and support for affected children and their parents, educational support and medication as needed. It is important to always remember that people with ADHD can’t help their behavior and some problems may arise relating to getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD are noticeable before six years of age, and they are well defined in children and teenagers, occurring in more than one situation like at school and at home. The behavioral signs of inattentiveness of patient’s with ADHD include difficulty completing and organizing task, unable to listen to and carry out instructions, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, and being easily distracted. For impulsiveness and hyperactivity, the behavioral signs may include unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, and interrupting conversations. These signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life most especially when it comes to social interaction, discipline and safety.
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There are also related conditions associated with ADHD such as anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, epilepsy, Tourette’s syndrome or learning difficulties. The medications often prescribed to treat ADHD include methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. These medications are often prescribed for helping patients with ADHD concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and learn and develop new skills.Discovering The Truth About Health